PhD Claire Ghetti, Łucja Bieleninik, & Christian Gold
Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre, University of Bergen and Uni Research Health
Claire M. Ghetti, Ph.D., LCAT, MT-BC is Associate Prof. of Music Therapy, The Grieg Academy, University of Bergen, Norway. She has worked with children and adults in intensive and long-term care medical settings and adults with substance use problems and HIV/AIDS. Her interests include music therapy to reduce traumatization in medical contexts, improving preterm infant/caregiver interaction, and music therapy as emotional-approach coping.
Łucja Bieleninik - Ph.D. of Psychology, is a postdoctoral researcher at GAMUT, Uni Research Health in Bergen, Norway. She has published peer-reviewed research, authored a monograph about mothers’ perceptions of premature children, and co-authored book chapters regarding children born prematurely and those with disabilities. Her scientific interests concern perinatal psychology, clinical psychology, and neuropsychology.
Christian Gold, Ph.D. is Principal Researcher at Uni Research, Bergen, Norway; Adjunct Professor at the University of Bergen; Honorary Professor at Aalborg University, Denmark; Editor of the Nordic Journal of Music Therapy; and Associate Editor of the Cochrane DPLP Group. He also has a private music therapy practice in Vienna. His main research interests include outcome research (clinical trials and meta-analyses), their methodology and application in music therapy in mental health.
Background. Preterm birth is a major medical, psychological and socio-economic problem worldwide. Music therapy positively impacts infant medical and behavioral status, as well as parental wellbeing and length of hospital stay. With expanding research in this area, there is a need for an up-to-date meta-analysis of rigorously designed studies that focus exclusively on music therapy.
Methods. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the effects of music therapy versus standard care (SC), SC combined with comparison therapies, or placebo on preterm infants and their parents/caregivers. We included all parallel and cross-over randomized controlled trials of preterm infants (born prior to 37 weeks of gestation and elapsing until 3 years of age) and their parents/caregivers, who received music therapy carried out by or in consultation with a trained music therapist. There were no language or publication date restrictions.
Results. Of 1823 relevant records screened, 17 studies met inclusion criteria. Included trials varied across music therapy approach, dose and duration. Final results of the physiological data, behavioral states, hospital stay, feeding ability, weight gain, bonding and parental psychological functioning will be presented.
Conclusions. The included studies come from a broad range of countries and utilize a diversity of music therapy approaches. Immediate and short-term infant outcomes are most often assessed, with parental and long-term infant/parent outcomes least often assessed warranting a need for more rigorously designed studies examining the latter.
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Chair: Christian Gold